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Peer-reviewed article

Spatial Strategies Employed by Blind and Low-Vision (BLV) Individuals on the Tactile Mental Cutting Test (TMCT)

July 6, 2023 | Public Programs

Spatial ability is a well-known predictor of success in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. The purpose of this study was to investigate and understand the spatial strategies that were used by blind and low-vision (BLV) individuals as they solved problems on the tactile mental cutting test (TMCT), an instrument that was designed to measure the spatial ability of BLV audiences. The TMCT is an accessible adaptation of the older, 1938 version of the mental cutting test (MCT) that has been used extensively in spatial ability research. Additionally, this paper seeks to compare these strategies with existing strategies that have been investigated with sighted populations. The BLV community is underrepresented in engineering and in spatial ability research. By understanding how BLV students understand and solve spatial problems and concepts, educators can develop and enhance educational content that is relevant to this population. By incorporating perspectives from the BLV community and making STEM curricula accessible to this population, more BLV individuals may be encouraged to pursue STEM or engineering career pathways.


  • Theresa Green
    Utah State University
  • Wade Goodridge
    Co-Principal Investigator
    Utah State University
  • Daniel Kane
    Utah State University
  • 2013 10 25 130226AJ5D1058 2
    Illinois State University
  • Citation

    ISSN : 2192-4880
    Publication Name: International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy (iJEP)
    Volume: 13
    Number: 5
    Page Number: 42-57


    Funding Program: Advancing Informal STEM Learning (AISL)
    Award Number: 1712887
    Funding Amount: $2,101,009.00
    Resource Type: Peer-reviewed article | Peer-reviewed article
    Discipline: Education and learning science | Engineering
    Audience: Adults | Educators/Teachers | Museum/ISE Professionals | Scientists
    Environment Type: Afterschool Programs | Summer and Extended Camps
    Access and Inclusion: People with Disabilities

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