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Conference Proceedings

Advantages and Disadvantages of a Virtual Engineering Experience During COVID-19 for Blind and Low-Vision High School Students

June 1, 2022 | Public Programs

The purpose of this research paper is to explore advantages and disadvantages of conducting an engineering experience for blind and low vision (BLV) participants in a virtual/online environment. This experience was designed to expose BLV high school students to engineering content and enhance their spatial ability. Spatial ability is an intelligence generally defined as the ability to generate, retain, retrieve, and transform well-structured visual images and is particularly important to fields of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). A variety of spatial ability constructs have been identified, a few of which include mental rotation, spatial orientation, and spatial visualization. This paper refers to spatial ability as a quantification of performance on a specific construct of spatial thinking: rotation and cutting plane.


  • Gary Timko
    Center for Research & Evaluation - COSI
  • 2013 10 25 130226AJ5D1058 2
    Illinois State University
  • Wade Goodridge
    Co-Principal Investigator
    Utah State University
  • Theresa Green
    Utah State University
  • Daniel Kane
    Utah State University
  • Citation


    Funding Program: Advancing Informal STEM Learning (AISL)
    Award Number: 1712887
    Funding Amount: $2,101,009.00
    Resource Type: Conference Proceedings | Conference Proceedings
    Discipline: Engineering | Technology
    Audience: Adults | Educators/Teachers | Learning Researchers
    Environment Type: Afterschool Programs | Summer and Extended Camps
    Access and Inclusion: People with Disabilities

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